The ExoMars programme will see two missions travel to Mars in a joint ESA–Russia undertaking
The Russian partnership offers the launchers, instruments and descent technologies for the ESA-led programme.
The programme will demonstrate flight and in-situ qualification of key exploration-enabling technologies to support European ambitions for future robotic and human exploration missions. The main technology demonstration objectives are:
In parallel, important scientific objectives will be accomplished through a state-of-the art scientific payload.
The 2020 mission will consist of an orbiter to study methane and trace gases in the Martian atmosphere and an Entry, Descent and Landing Demonstrator Module (EDM) to test key technologies for future exploration missions. The EDM will have a limited static science payload, and survive for several days on the Martian surface.
The 2020 mission will carry a 300 kg rover to be delivered to the Mars surface by a Russian Descent and Landing system.
Airbus Defence and Space Satellites in the UK is taking the lead in developing the rover vehicle. The rover’s primary task will be to search for evidence of life, past or present, beneath the surface of the Red Planet. It will also collect data to identify potential risk factors for future manned missions, determine water distribution on Mars, and analyse the chemical composition of the planet’s surface.
To carry out its scientific mission, the rover will carry the Pasteur payload, packed with a wide variety of scientific instruments and tools for collecting, processing and analysing samples of Martian soil.
|Customer||European Space Agency/Thales Alenia Space Italy|
|Mission||The rover vehicle supports mobile surface science acquisition and on-board sample analysis, including both chemical composition evaluation and life element detection (ie bio-markers)|
|Orbit||Martian surface operations only|
• Vehicle mass: 163kg (excluding Payload)
• Payload mass: 56kg
• Power generation: 450 watts
• Dimensions: 1.2m x 1.1m x 2m
|Payload||• Panoramic Cameras (PanCam)
• Infrared Borehole Spectrometer (MA_MISS)
• Mars Oxidant and Organics Detector (UREY)
• Gas Chromatograph/Mass Spectrometer (MOMA)
• Raman/LIBS spectrometer
• Shallow Ground Penetrating Radar (WisDOM)
• Mossbauer Spectrometer (MIMOS II)
• Visible and Infrared Microscope (MicrOmega)
• Close-up Imager (CLUPI)
• X-Ray Diffractometer (XRD)
• IR Fourier Interferometer (MIMA)
Autonomous Navigation system, based on a stereoscopic vision system
|Dimensions||1.2m x 1.1m x 2m|
|Mission Duration||1.5 years|
|Airbus Defence and Space Responsibilities||Rover Vehicle Industrial Lead|