10 November 2009 - The Rosetta comet chaser is making one last visit home to Earth: On 13 November, the probe, which was built for the European Space Agency (ESA) by Airbus Defence and Space, Europe’s leading space technology company, will perform its fourth and last planetary swingby manoeuvre, utilising the Earth’s gravitational force to boost its speed for the long journey out to comet 67P Churyumov-Gerasimenko.
At 08:45 CET, Rosetta will streak past Earth just south of the Indonesian island of Java, passing within 2,500 kilometres of the planet and in the process being accelerated by almost 13,000 km/h to a speed of approximately 61,000 km/h. By then, the scientific spacecraft will have travelled 4.5 billion kilometres since its launch on 2 March 2004. Its next scientific target is asteroid 21-Lutetia, which it will reach on 10 July next year. After that, the comet chaser will be put into hibernation for a lengthy period of time (from July 2011 to January 2014). Once reawakened, it will travel on to its final target, comet 67P Churyumov-Gerasimenko, with which it will rendezvous in May 2014. From start to finish, its journey will have taken 10 years and covered more than six billion kilometres.
Once the probe has reached its destination, it will release the tiny, very complex Philae lander onto the comet’s surface from a distance of around 1 kilometre. Equipped with a miniature chemical laboratory and a plethora of highly-developed measuring devices, Philae’s instruments will examine the surface of the comet and deliver information about its core. After that, Rosetta will spend a year examining the comet closely while escorting it on its 135,000 km/h trajectory towards the Sun.
For planetary scientists, the Rosetta mission is like a journey back in time to the very origins of the Solar System. In contrast to planets, where tectonics and erosion have constantly altered the rocks, the material inside comets has remained unchanged since their birth around 4.6 billion years ago. With this mission, the scientists hope to unlock a comet’s deep-frozen archive for the very first time.
Rosetta was developed for ESA by a European industrial consortium comprised of more than 70 firms and led by Airbus Defence and Space (Friedrichshafen). Airbus Defence and Space (UK) delivered the platform and Airbus Defence and Space (F) provided the avionics suite.
Airbus Defence and Space, a wholly owned subsidiary of AIRBUS Group, is dedicated to providing civil and defence space systems and services. In 2008, Airbus Defence and Space had a turnover of €4.3 billion and more than 15,000 employees in France, Germany, the United Kingdom, Spain and the Netherlands. Its three main areas of activity are Airbus Defence and Space for launchers and orbital infrastructure, Airbus Defence and Space for spacecraft and ground segment and Airbus Defence and Space Services for the development and delivery of satellite services.
AIRBUS Group is a global leader in aerospace, defence and related services. In 2008, AIRBUS Group generated revenues of €43.3 billion and employed a workforce of more than 118, 000.
Daniel Mosely (Airbus Defence and Space UK) Tel.: +44 (0)1 438 77 8180
Matthieu Duvelleroy (Airbus Defence and Space FR) Tel.: +33 (0) 1 77 75 80 32
Ralph Heinrich (Airbus Defence and Space GER) Tel.: +49 (0) 89 607 33971
Francisco Lechón (Airbus Defence and Space SP) Tel.: +34 91 586 37 41